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Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) due to the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.

Annually 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, as well as over 1 million people die, the majority of them small children.

The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is found depends mainly on climatic factors like temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The main areas where malaria disease is located are; Africa, Madagascar, India and Latin America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where the host mosquito, in the genus Anopheles, is able to survive and multiply. You can find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 which transmit the malaria parasite.

Only in areas where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle inside the mosquitoes can humans be infected. You will find four varieties of malaria parasite that may infect humans these are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Enough time needed for growth and development of the parasite within the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species as well as the temperature.

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Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to combat malaria – Scientists through the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough which could end the international combat against malaria.

Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that may kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi come into contact with insect blood, in a scientific step that could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.

Scientists believe that utilizing the same technology some day can fight a number of other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.

By utilizing fungus together with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they are able to prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. Exactly the same technology may be used once to battle other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.

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