Algebra was a project to find out as a kid, however it soon became fun and I wanted to learn more. As a child I was much more interested in learning Algebra than I was in how Algebra came about. The curiosity bug finally hit and I found out, and this is the history of Algebra.
What is Algebra? Algebra is a form of math used to solve problems. In reality, Algebra was created to solve everyday problems that merchants encounter. Algebra uses constants and variables. Variables are symbols that represent different values when used in different equations. Constants are numbers that always have the same value. The number 5 and pi are constants,whereas x, y, and z are variables. Algebra is approximately reducing a problem and balancing an equation with the end goal being X = a number.
A Brief History of Algebra. As it appears, Algebra wasn’t invented overnight by one fellow. The Babylonians, the Greeks, the Arabs, the Indians, the Chinese, as well as the Europeans all contributed to Algebra as we know it today.
The Babylonian contribution – Besides solving the quadratic equation, the Babylonians developed a number system who had true place values and is in base 60. (We currently use a base 10 number system. We also have place values. For instance, 20 is twice ten.)
The Greeks – The Greeks also helped by helping cover their the creation of Algebra. A guy named Diophantus wrote several books called Arithmetica. He solved equations and even used symbols, but he didn’t solve general equations. All the problems he solved had a specific solution unique to that problem. The techniques used to solve each problem doesn’t help to solve another problem.
Some people refer to Diophantus because the father of Algebra, but many people consider Muhammad ibn Musa-alKwarizimi to be the father. Diophantus was alive within the third century. His exact birth year and death year are not certain.
Muhammad ibn Musa-alKwarizimi (Arabic) – Muhammad ibn Musa-alKwarizimi wrote a book whose title translated to The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completing and Balancing. The very first time general problems might be solved by balancing equations. Basically, balancing equations means that what you do in order to one side from the equation you should do towards the other part, if you add 3 to a single side, you need to add 3 towards the other side. This was around 820 A.D. Muhammad ibn Musa-alKwarizimi wrote is normally considered to be the father of Algebra.
The Indian contribution – Mahavira solved several kinds of equations in 850 AD. Bhaskara II solved the quadratic equation using more than one unknown in 1114 AD. (Ancient Hindi, such as the Babylonians, experienced a counting quqvyg as well as a number system with place values.) To learn more see – https://www.amazon.in/Math-Arithmetic-other-exam-Sudhir/dp/B077P16H1J/ref=sr_1_3?keywords=sudhir+sir&qid=1563280056&s=books&sr=1-3
Europe – Fibonaccci introduced Algebra to Europe in 1202 AD reading Muhammad ibn Musa-alKwarizimi’s book. Fibonacci, along with most of his contemporaries as well as other scientists and mathematicians to adhere to, included in the realm of Algebra.
Chinese – Zhu Shijie solved equations with as many as four unknowns around 1300 AD. Returning to the Arabian contribution , Abu al-Hasan ibn Ali ali-Qalasadi introduced using words and letters for mathematical symbols.